Roman Republic

, 1798-1799

Muntoni 1; Berman 3157, PCGS graded AU-58

Rome. REPVBBLICA ROMANA, Libertas standing facing, holding fasces and pileus on pole. Reverse: SVDO/ROMANO in two lines within oak wreath.

In early 1798, the French Revolutionary army invaded the Papal States, capturing Pope Pius VI and dissolving the traditional government. In its stead a Roman Republic was declared modeled on the constitution of the Revolutionary French Republic. This was led by Louis-Alexandre Berthier, one of Napoleon’s generals, who was to maintain the Roman Republic as a French satellite state. The foreign and revolutionary character of the Roman Republic was unpopular and received little support from the Italians and at last on November 26, 1798, much of the French leadership and army was forced to withdraw from Rome in the face of an invasion by Ferdinand IV of Naples, but the Roman Republic was not fully dismantled by Neapolitan forces until May 1799 The Papal States were restored to the Holy See under Pope Pius VII in the following year.