Roman Republic

Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus (M. Junius Brutus), Moneyer 54 BC

Crawford 433/2; Sydenham 907; Junia 30, Extremely Fine

Rome. BRVTVS, bare-head of L. Junius Brutus right. Reverse: AHALA, bare-head of C. Servilius Ahala right.

In 509 BC, L. Junius Brutus, outraged at the excesses of Sex. Tarquinius Superbus, the Etruscan king of Rome, led the people to overthrow Surperbus and terminate the monarchy. Thanks to Brutus, the Romans would no longer bow to kings, but instead began to govern themselves according to a republican constitution under the leadership of two consuls. C. Servilius Structus Ahala was likewise an early Republican enemy of tyrants. In 439 BC, he served as magister equitum to L. Quinctius Cincinnatus who had been appointed dictator to thwart a plot to establish the wealth plebeian Spurius Maelius as king. When Maelius failed to appear to answer the charges against him, Ahala sought him out in the crowd and killed him with a dagger concealed in his armpit (Latin ahala). M. Junius Brutus, the issuer of this coin and slayer of Julius Caesar claimed descent from both of these legendary figures. Thus when he murdered Caesar in 44 BC he was merely carrying on the family business.