T. Quinctius Flamininus, Consul 197-196 BC
Crawford 548/1b; D. von Bothmer, ed., Wealth of the Ancient World. The Nelson Bunker Hunt and William Herbert Hunt Collectionsp. 218, 109 = C. Botrè, “Lo statere d’oro di Tito Quinzio Flaminino: una coniazione straordinaria,” RIN 96 (1994-1995), pl. 1, 9 = A. Campana, “Monete d’oro della Repubblica romana. III – Aureo di Tito Quizio Flaminino (196 a.C.)”, Panorama Numismatico 142 (2000), p. 19, 7 = Tradart, Catalogue de la collection J.C. Guilliams,2007, 23 = F. De Callataÿ, “More Than It Would Seem: The Use of Coinage by the Romans in Late Hellenistic Asia Minor (133-63 BC)”, AJN 23 (2011), p. 60, 3 = A. Campana, “La Monetazione di T. Quinctius Flaminius. Un aureo ellenistico (RRC 548/1),” Cassino 2016, p. 50, 3 = A. Campana, “L’aureo di T. Quinctius Flaminius (RRC 548/1): un’aggiunta e una rettifica,” Monete Antiche 96 (Nov.-Dec. 2017), p. 23, 3 (this coin), Superb Nearly Mint State
Chalkis(?). Bare head of T. Quinctius Flamininus right. Reverse: T.QVINCTI (upwards) Nike standing facing, head left, holding wreath and palm branch. The finest known of just eleven specimens.
Ex NGSA V (3 December 2008), 162; J. C. Guilliams Collection (Tradart, private treaty, ca. 2007); Nelson Bunker Hunt Collection (Sotheby’s New York, 20 June 1990), 111
For the cities and federal states of mainland Greece, T. Quinctius Flamininus was a virtual god sent from Rome to save them from domination by Philip V and his Macedonian kingdom. A Macedonian alliance with Hannibal and Philip’s involvements in Illyria led to the outbreak of the Second Macedonian War (200-197 BC). Flamininus was elected consul and given command of the war in 198 BC and defeated Philip V at the battle of Cynoscephalae in the following year. This great victory allowed Flamininus to restrict the power of Philip V within the borders of Macedonia proper and to famously declare the “freedom of the Greeks” at the Isthmian Games of 196 BC. The Greeks were to be free from the political and military influence of Macedonia, but as time passed it became clear that they were not to be free from that of Rome. The freedom proffered by Flamininus was little more than the prelude to empire.